EU: Ethnic groups feel discrimination is widespread

EU: Ethnic groups feel discrimination is widespread

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) today releases results of the first ever EU-wide survey on immigrant and ethnic minority groups' experiences of discrimination and racist crime. The survey reveals that discrimination, harassment and racially motivated violence are far more widespread than recorded in official statistics.

The Roma report the most discrimination.  Here is some interesting data, relating to Muslim groups (North Africans, Turks, Somalis and Albanians):

Percentage of respondents who think discrimination based on ethnic or immigrant origin is widespread in the country

North Africans:
Italy - 94%
France - 88%
Belgium - 76%
Netherlands - 66%

Belgium - 69%
Netherlands - 61%
Austria - 32%

Sweden - 75%
Denmark - 61%

76% of Italian Albanians thought discrimination was widespread and 68% of Swedish Iraqis.

Experiences of discrimination

The survey checked discrimination in the following areas:

1) when looking for work
2) at work
3) when looking for a house or an apartment to rent or buy
4) by healthcare personnel
5) by social service personnel
6) by school personnel
7) at a café, restaurant or bar
8) when entering or in a shop
9) when trying to open a bank account or get a loan

36% of North Africans and 23% of Turks said they experienced discrimination in one of those categories in the past 12 months.

More specifically, 52% of Italian North Africans, 47% of Finnish Somalis and 46% of Danish Somalis experienced discrimination.

Experiences of racism

The survey checked whether the respondents were victims of the following

1) theft of or from a vehicle
2) burglary or attempted burglary
3) theft of personal property not involving force or threat
4) assault and threat
5) harassment of a serious nature

11% of North Africans and 9% of Turks said they experienced such a crime in the past 12 months.  More specifically, 34% of Finnish Somalis, 31% of Danish Somalis and 22% of North Africans experienced such a crime.

However, very few reported these.  Among Turks who experienced racist crimes, 78% did not report assaults and threats and 92% did not report serious harassment.  Among North Africans this was 62% and 81% respectively.

19% of North Africans and 16% of Turks said that in the past 12 months they avoided certain places for fear of being assaulted, threatened or seriously harassed.  In specific groups: 39% of Swedish Somalis, 31% of Finnish Somalis and 26% of Swedish Iraqis reported such behavior.

58% of North Africans stopped by police in the past 12 months said it was due to their ethnicity.  This breaks down to 73-74% in  Spain and Italy and 55% in Belgium.  71% of Italian Albanians and 56% of Greek Albanians felt the same.  Among Turks 25% said they were stopped because of their ethnicity.

Source: EU-MIDIS: European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey: Survey page, Press Release, Survey at a Glance (PDF)

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